My move to pure abstraction occurred when I came across a chart depicting hobo codes. This system of marks was widely used by vagabonds during the Great Depression of the 1930s. Used as a means for survival, a few strokes spoke volumes. These markings on fences, posts, sidewalks, buildings, trestles, and bridge abutments communicated where to find help, or steer clear of trouble. The meaning of each icon fascinated me. For example: “Kind woman, tell pitiful story,” “Vicious dog here,” “You can sleep in hayloft,” and “Jailhouse has cooties.” Their brevity resembles the titles of my paintings: “Back Door Crusher,” “They Never Come Alone,” “Tip Toe Drop Gag” to name a few.